Because it looks so intriguing, you might think that the string of pearls succulent is difficult to grow. No! This is an excellent succulent for beginners. The pearl necklace (Senecio rowleyanus) is hardy, fast-growing and a plant you will love.
A pearl necklace plant is immediately recognizable by the pearl-shaped leaves that run along each stem. Nicknamed “pearls”, these leaves are fleshy and a beautiful shade of light green. Like a string of pearls, the stems are long, thin and delicate with pea-sized leaves mottled along their entire length. The plant itself starts small, but reaches 2-3 feet in full growth!
You will find that the pearl necklace is a great houseplant and it also works wonderfully in the garden. Being a sprawling plant, these succulents are perfect for hanging pots. Reproduction is extremely easy with this plant, which makes it easier to increase your collection of succulents.
In this article, we’ll cover everything you need to know about growing this simple but beautiful plant.
In summer, string of pearls plants produce clusters of white flowers. The flowers are small and inconspicuous. However, they smell a little like cinnamon – a pleasant and unique property for a succulent.
String of pearls comes from South Africa, so it likes to be warm and dry. It can be used as a shade plant, using these dark spots in your garden. However, the temperature should always be above 50°F. if you live in zones 9-11, you can grow string of pearls outdoors all year round. Otherwise, keep your houseplant indoors, with possible trips outside.
While most Pearl succulents are green in color, the’ Variegata ‘ cultivar is slightly different. Each pearlescent Leaf has stripes of Light White. Unfortunately, this cultivar is difficult to find, and even the stems to reproduce can be difficult to obtain. If you can find it, you will love it!
17.5 Inches White Pearl Necklace With Carabiner
As mentioned, the string of pearls plant is very easy to grow. This does not mean that you need to go blindly! In order for the cultivation of succulents to be easy, you need to understand what they need and why. Let’s go over some of our top tips.
Light and temperature
String of pearls grows best in indirect, bright light. He loves the sun, but can easily burn, so be careful not to expose yourself too much directly to the sun. Placing your plants a few feet from the window should keep the direct sun on the Pearl leaves while providing enough light.
If you don’t have well-lit windows, don’t panic. These houseplants can also grow in partial shade.
The pearl twine factory cannot withstand frost or freezing temperatures. As true desert plants, they like to be warm (70-80°F). Be careful with cold indoor drafts that can damage the stems.
During the winter, when string of pearls goes dormant, the temperature of your interior can drop to 50° if necessary. If your home stays around 68° all year round (as many people do at home), then it is perfect for this houseplant. Once the outside temperatures reach their desired range, you can grow it indoors and outdoors. This is a great addition to patio gardens!
Remember that if you want your plant to bloom, it needs a cool fall and winter climate. Ideally, store at 65° or near 65° until spring arrives. It also needs indirect sunlight in the spring to induce summer flowering.
Water And Humidity
Like most succulents, string of pearls prefers the “soak and dry” method of watering succulents. It is simple and easy to maintain. This mimics a cycle of overflow and drought, and the string of pearls plant is used to create this environment.
On average, you water it every two weeks. This will vary depending on the size of the pot and the temperature in the area where your succulents are growing. Houseplants often need less water than those in an outdoor garden.
Overwatering is the biggest peril to your string of pearls plants. This can lead to rotting and bacterial growth. With excessive watering, the plant can turn yellow and mushy, and the beads on the stems will easily fall off.
Underwater is a less common problem for string of pearls plants, but you still need to be careful. If they do not get enough water, the Pearls will shrivel or lose their plump appearance, and they can turn brown or black. Fortunately, this is usually reversible if caught quickly. Give your string of pearls a sip of water and it will brighten up.
Well-drained soil is a necessity for string or bead planting. You can buy pre-made succulent potting soil at most garden stores and online. A good quality cactus and succulent soil can be the difference between healthy stems and a dying disaster.
It is possible to make your own potting soil, but be careful not to make it too rich. It is easier to increase fertility in small doses after than to add a lot at the beginning. In addition, many rich garden soils retain too much moisture around the roots of the plant. Stick to something that drains easily and you can fertilize after.
Aphids are small, unpleasant and hungry for Pearl juice! A plague of these parasites will drain life from your pearl necklace, causing it to discolor, wither, and eventually finish. As if that were not enough, aphids secrete honeydew that attracts ants.
Scale insects resemble aphids because they cause damage to plants and can attract ants. Another sap-sucking pest, these are easy to recognize by the White and waxy matter they secrete.
Aphids and scale insects can be deterred by insecticidal soap or neem oil. You can also use useful predatory insects, such as ladybugs or horseflies.
Root rot is the constant threat to all succulents. It is caused by an overabundance of moisture in the soil that creates the ideal climate for mold growth. These mushrooms will cause the roots to rot, making them black and mushy. Rot can also move the stems and leaves up.
Unfortunately, the damage caused by root rot usually cannot be fixed once it has become extensive. It is important to prevent root rot. Use a good quality potting soil optimized for cacti and succulent gardens and make sure it is well ventilated.
If your string of beads already has extensive root rot, it is better to take cuttings from the healthy material and scatter them to start new plants. Use sterilized pruning shears and clean between cuts to make sure you don’t spread mold rot. The mother plant can be discarded as soon as you have rooted the cuttings.