Strawberry guava is a beautiful fruit shrub native to South America, especially Brazil. Closely related to the common guava, the plant is an excellent candidate if you want to grow fruit in your garden. As a landscape plant, strawberry guava has a little of everything:
- Deep colored leaves
- Beautiful shape
- Pattern dark bark
- Fruits with a sweet taste
The delicate white flowers and fresh fruit also qualify strawberry guavas as an architectural accent. If you are looking to attract colorful wildlife to your garden, consider growing cattley guava. Fruits can be enjoyed as a sweet treat not only by children and guests, but also by squirrels and birds. Feeding a red strawberry guava is a rewarding experience. Here is a quick guide on how to grow it in your garden.
Strawberry guava has a shallow root system that bears white flowers in spring. The bunches of berries that ripen in the summer follow the beautiful flowers. As soon as these berries reach a cherry-red color, they are ready to be devoured. The fruit tastes like a sweet and sour strawberry.
The tree or shrub is very adaptable and can be grown outdoors. Even when it generally prefers warmer climates, strawberry guava is quite hardy at temperatures as low as 22°F (-5°C).
As an evergreen shrub, the red strawberry guava can reach heights of 15 to 20 feet, but should ideally be pruned to 12 feet in height, as its root system is relatively shallow and weak. If the cattley guava grows too large, it can easily tip over due to strong winds.
Strawberry And Guava Varieties
Strawberry guava belongs to the Myrtaceae family. Although it has no known cultivars, the plant has closely related shrubs of the same family. One of these shrubs is Psidium guajava, also known as common guava or lemon guava. This shrub bears juicy fruits and grows to 10-15 feet in height.
The plant is very tender and is native to the Caribbean, South and Central America. Although the Bush reaches the same height as the strawberry guava, it is not so wide. It is also not as Hardy as strawberry and guava plants.
In addition to Strawberry Guava, the other closely related species is pineapple guava or Feijoa sellowiana. This one has smaller and more juicy sour fruits. They grow wider than tropical guavas and slightly shorter than 12 feet in height. However, the shrub quickly produces a high yield in a short time. Pineapple guavas are known to be the most frost-resistant and quite resistant to low temperatures.
All species need plenty of water, sun and rich, well-drained soil to grow well.
Planting strawberries and guavas
Here is a brief overview of how to plant strawberry guava and what to expect in the weeks after planting.
Availability Of Seeds
Strawberry guava is propagated by shoots and seeds – the latter are often the work of birds. You can find the yellow seeds in specialized nurseries or online seed companies. Rest assured, strawberry and guava seeds are readily available.
Information About Germination
To ensure the seeds germinate on time, plant them in moist, sterile soil with a warm temperature of 21 to 29°C (70 to 85°F). The estimated germination time is 4 to 6 weeks, and can also take up to 12 weeks, depending on the quality of the soil and the consistency of the temperature.
When to plant
Spring is the ideal time to plant a strawberry guava. The soil is more passable, there is a high probability of rain, and the sun is usually absent.
Where to plant
Strawberry guava usually needs a tropical habitat, similar to that of Brazil. They can be planted in your garden, outside your home, or can be grown as a small tree in your garden. However, plants are an invasive species, so it’s best to avoid planting in areas you don’t want to invade!
How to plant
Since guava seeds can be somewhat difficult to germinate, you need to keep the soil and temperature constant. Plant the seeds ¼ to ½ inch deep in fertile, loamy soil. Soil temperature should remain between 70 and 85°F to ensure successful germination.
Strawberry guava tree in landscape design
Strawberry guava is excellent for edible landscaping. Fruits and plants can be used as an architectural accent, unique courtyard specimens, or even as shelter plants. The foliage is so versatile and attractive that it can be used as a backdrop for smaller and more delicate plants and looks beautifully planted along a driveway. If you have a patio or veranda, decorate the empty spaces with strawberry and guava plants.
Plants and fruits are ideal for decorating your garden. Here is an analysis of the sunlight, water and soil needs of the plant.
Sun and temperature
Strawberry guava can spread quickly and grows well in full sun. It grows well in warmer temperatures, usually between 21 and 29°C (70-85°F).
The tree needs regular and abundant watering. Although plants can tolerate short periods of drought, red guava trees need good hydration. They need even more water during fruit development so that the berries can ripen well. Regular irrigation at least once a week, after the plant has matured, is enough to maintain healthy growth.
Strawberry guava needs a well-drained loam to sandy loam with an acidic pH between 5 and 7. The soil should also be quite rich in organic matter and slightly warm. Cooler soil temperatures can inhibit seed germination.
Plants need fertilizers three times a year – in summer, spring and autumn. For best results, use a high-quality citrus granular fertilizer with a 6-6-6 ratio.
Strawberry guava is an attractive shrub that requires little maintenance. However, it is critical to control the growth of plants and protect them from certain pests and ailments.
Although the shrub is easy to care for, it is invasive, which means it will spread quickly if not pruned in time. It is important to cut off invasive branches and dead stems. It is also essential to keep it in full sun and grow it in warm soil. Failure to do this can prolong the germination period.
Berries are vulnerable to fruit flies, black scales, ants and root knot nematodes. If you are growing in a container, the best way to prevent fruit flies is to cover the potting soil with a layer of aquarium gravel or coarse sand.
By covering yourself, you prevent the flies from laying their eggs on the topsoil and the newly hatched larvae from emerging. The black tartar infestation can be controlled by regularly pruning a few branches to increase airflow and encourage more sunlight for the lower limbs.
Pruning will dry out the leaves and check the Black Scale. Control ants by installing natural traps based on boric acid and sugar water. The solution will prevent them from climbing the tree.
Although Root Knot Nematodes are not so common, trees growing in sandy soil are vulnerable to these pests. They can damage the fruit and are difficult to control. The best way to prevent them is to provide optimal growing conditions and regular irrigation and fertilizer to keep the trees vigorous and keep pests away.
Strawberry and guava plants can catch algae spots on the leaves. The best method of prevention is good soil drainage, regular hydration and, of course, high-quality fertilizer. Pruning plants will also improve air circulation, while sufficient sunlight will regulate the level of humidity.