There are so many types of echeveria that it is difficult to choose one. If you are looking for elegance, one type stands out: the echeveria Perle von Nurnberg.
The spoon-shaped leaves of this succulent overlap to create an immaculate rosette. However, the plot of PVN is in its color. The whole plant is a spectrum of blue-gray and pink with a hint of purple. It is sprinkled with pruinose, a botanical term for white powder.
Although the genus Echeveria is native to Mexico, this hybrid was born in Germany. It was created by Alfred Gräser in the 1930s, who combined Echeveria gibbiflora ‘Metallica’ with E. elegans to create the charming plant that we now admire.
A truly magnificent succulent, Perle von Nurnberg is excellent for all levels of gardeners. It’s easy to maintain and fun to propagate. Here’s everything you need to know before growing this beauty.
Quick Maintenance Guide
All about Pearl of Nuremberg
Pearl of Nuremberg translates directly as Pearl of Nuremberg. Its leaves have a pearlescent appearance, so the name suits it perfectly. The Nuremberg pearl adds even more color in summer when it grows pink and yellow flowers.
You will have the best luck with the Nuremberg Pearl in zones 9-11. This succulent needs a lot of sun all year round. It grows very well indoors, as long as it receives enough light.
The PVN is a surprisingly short succulent-usually less than half a foot tall. This makes it a great addition to small spaces at eye level. Perle von Nurnberg is also popular in floral arrangements and wedding bouquets.
Types of Pearl von Nurnberg
In addition to the basic PVN, there is another notable variety that you can find by its common names. Here is a little information about this variety!
Echeveria ‘Rainbow’, ‘Nuremberg Variegated Pearl’
This bold shape has the same colors separated into stripes. It is less subtle than PVN due to its color saturation and lack of pruinose.
Pearl of Berlin
Not only is the Nuremberg pearl beautiful, but it is easy to grow and care for. Here are some tips for success.
Light and Temperature
The pearl of Nuremberg needs full to partial sun; 6 hours of light a day is ideal. Constant exposure to full sun will bring out the deepest colors that this succulent has to offer. If your echeveria lives indoors, place it in a south-facing window and use a grow light if necessary.
Unfortunately for those who are north of Zone 9, PVN does not like the cold. It does not tolerate frost well, so try to store it at temperatures above freezing. Ideally, its environment should always be above 40°F.
Water and Humidity
The “soak and dry” method is a classic for a reason. Succulents, including the Nuremberg Pearl, store water in the fleshy leaves to survive drought. Imitate its natural habitat by watering your PVN deeply, then let the soil dry completely. To really mimic a drought, let your succulent sit in dry soil for a few days before watering again.
Echeveria Perle von Nurnberg only needs a minimum of water during the winter.
Well-drained soil is essential to keep your Nuremberg pearl happy. If this plant is left in water, it is susceptible to rot and fungal ailments.
The ideal soil for the Nuremberg pearl is gravelly in texture. Choose a ready-made succulent soil or create your own custom-made. Start with regular potting soil and add something rocky, like:
- Rice husks
- Coconut fiber (coconut fiber)
- Shredded bark
- Use a 1:1 ratio of potting soil and your supplement.
Fertilizer is not a priority with this plant. If you want to try it, do it during the summer with fertilizer for succulents or cacti. It must be liquid and balanced or low in nitrogen.
The Nuremberg pearl must be repotted every few years to aerate the soil. Plan the move during the summer and wait until the soil is dry. You can replant in a new container or simply replace the soil in the old one.
After removing your succulent from the ground, gently brush the soil from the roots. Take the opportunity to check for rot or other problems that are usually underground. After depositing your PVN in fresh soil, do not water for a few days. This will allow the roots to feel comfortable and heal from any damage.
Echeverias are easy to propagate by cutting leaves and stems. Once the process is complete, you can grow as many Pearl of Nurnberg as you want!
Leaf cuts are taken by simply twisting the leaf from the stem. Be sure to remove the entire sheet and leave no part behind. This section between the leaf and the stem is what allows the cutting to grow roots.
After removing the foil, let it dry for a few days. Once it is dry, place it on well-drained soil and spray it with water. Keep the soil moist until new roots have grown. Return to a regular watering schedule once the plant is settled.
Stem cuts follow almost exactly the same process as leaf cuts. Instead of twisting, take your cut by cutting the stem one inch below the rosette. Once it is dried, stick it standing in the ground and mist. You can test if it has roots by gently pulling on it. If there is resistance, it is established.
The Nuremberg pearl is pushing compensations, but slowly. If your succulent has one, feel free to propagate it as a stem cutting. Alternatively, let the offset grow from the roots and then propagate by division.
Perle von Nurnberg requires pruning only when it has fallen leaves. These usually fall off on their own, but can be removed by hand. Do not throw the leaves at the bottom of the pot, as mealybugs like to hide in them.
When it comes to gardening problems, prevention is essential. Always be on the lookout for symptoms so that your succulent continues to thrive.
Be careful not to overwater your Echeveria, which is the main cause of pass away in succulents. This will finish it much faster than drying out. Symptoms of overwatering include yellow, mushy leaves that fall off easily. To remedy this, repot your Pearl in new dry soil. Let it sit for a few days before starting a revised watering schedule.
Insufficient watering is also harmful to the PVN, but easier to fix. Just give your plant a good drink and it will usually straighten up. When they are under water, the leaves shrivel up and the plant wilts.
Always be on the lookout for etiolation. This is a common, but easily avoided problem with succulents. When the plant does not get enough sun, it stretches out in search of more. If you don’t keep your Nuremberg pearl in a bright place, it will turn from stocky to skinny.
Already isolated succulents cannot be reduced. Instead, cut off the top and propagate it by cutting off the stem. This will give you a second chance to properly grow the Nuremberg pearl.
Scale insects are the pest most likely to disturb your Echeveria. These small white scale insects drink the sap of plants. They make cottony nests and secret honeydew that attracts ants. Prevent mealybugs by keeping your succulent dry and spraying it with neem oil every week.
Scale insect infestations can be eliminated by insecticidal soap. Use it to gently wash the leaves. If there are only a small number of insects, dab them with a q-tip soaked in rubbing alcohol.
Aphids are less common but potential predators of succulents. Like mealybugs, they suck the juice. If left alone, they will eventually finish your plant. Protect your PVN by applying diatomaceous earth to the soil and neem oil to the succulent. Use insecticidal soap to control existing infestations.
Not only limited to vines, the vine weevil is a black beetle that is unable to fly. He chews the leaves, causing them to turn yellow and wither. Diatomaceous earth will prevent them. Unfortunately, vine weevils are resistant to most sprays. The most effective remedy for infestations is to remove them manually. As the vine weevils are nocturnal, you will be able to find them easily at night.
Root rot is the always imminent peril for succulents. It is caused by constant humidity and can lead to bacterial infections. Fortunately, this is easy to prevent: do not overwater and use porous soil.